Mitral Valve Disease

Interior Content

​Mitral valve issues include mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation (MR). MR is the most common type of heart valve insufficiency in the United States. The condition inhibits the heart's mitral valve leaflets from closing tightly. When this happens, blood flows backward from the heart's left ventricle into the left atrium. The heart must then work harder to push blood through the body, which can cause fatigue, shortness of breath and worsening heart failure.


There are two types of mitral regurgitation: degenerative and functional.  Approximately 4 million people have significant mitral valve insufficiency, with an annual incidence of 250,000. 1-3 Approximately 50,000 of these patients undergo surgery each year in the United States. The disease affects millions of people worldwide.

 Treatment Options

Surgical: For symptomatic patients diagnosed with moderate-severe or severe MR, surgery is generally recommended to repair or replace the mitral valve. This typically involves open-heart surgery with the patient on cardiopulmonary bypass.  The Christ Hospital is the only in the region to offer a new surgical loop technique for mitral valve repair, shown to reduce the risk of future heart valve complications.


Minimally Invasive: Our heart surgeons have expertise with the full range of minimally invasive approaches for mitral valve repair, enabling us to offer individualized treatment for each patient. Procedures include:

  • Right Mini-Thoracotomy
  • Partial Upper Sternotomy
  • Transcatheter mitral valve repair: The MitraClip procedure is a minimally invasive catheter-based therapy. It is performed using venous access and real-time imaging thereby avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass. This treatment increases the options for patients with significant, symptomatic, degenerative MR who are at prohibitive risk for surgical intervention
  • LVAD: Patients suffering from severe valve disease and heart failure may benefit from a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implanted to help a failing heart pump more effectively.

Watch to learn more about the MitraClip Treatment.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Heart Valve Treatment:

  • May provide shorter recoveries and fewer complications.
  • May provide a lifesaving option for patients who cannot undergo open heart surgery.
  • Most patients experience renewed energy and improved quality of life

Heart Care Close To Home

With a dedicated team of interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and other specialists, we provide patients the most treatment options and best possible outcomes.

Advanced heart and vascular care is now more accessible than ever. To speak to a valve specialist, call 513-206-1234. Click here for information on our The Christ Hospital Physicians - Ohio Heart & Vascular locations through out Great Cincinnati.