​Since opening in September 2015, The Christ Hospital Joint & Spine Center has rapidly become known as a national destination for the most advanced joint & spine care available. Coupled with a world-class experience and a patient and family centered approach to care, our state-of-the art Center offers the most innovative technologies to get you back to an active and healthy life, pursuing what you love.  

MAKO Robotic Arm Technology

The Christ Hospital Joint & Spine Center is proud to offer the latest human-interactive surgical robotic arm technology in the Tristate. The MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing and MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement procedures are performed using the RIO®  Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System marketed by MAKO Surgical Corp. RIO is a surgeon-controlled robotic arm system that enables accurate alignment and placement of implants.

Accuracy is key in planning and performing both partial knee and total hip procedures. In order to provide patients the best outcome, the implant must be aligned and positioned just right. RIO® enables surgeons to personalize partial knee and total hip arthroplasties to achieve optimal results at a level of accuracy and reproducibility previously unattainable with conventional instrumentation.

The RIO System features a patient-specific visualization system and proprietary tactile robotic arm technology that is integrated with intelligent surgical instruments. It assists surgeons in pre-planning and in treating each patient uniquely and with consistently reproducible procedure.

MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing

MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing is a treatment option for adults living with early to mid-stage osteoarthritis (OA) that has not yet progressed to all three compartments of the knee. By selectively targeting the part of your knee damaged by OA, your surgeon can resurface your knee while sparing the healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it, making the procedure less invasive than traditional total knee replacement.

MAKOplasty can often be performed through a four to six inch incision over your knee with small incisions in both your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin). Additionally the preservation of your own natural bone and tissue along with more ideal patient specific implant positioning may also result in a more natural feeling knee. And since healthy bone is preserved, patients who undergo MAKOplasty partial knee procedures may still be a candidate for a total knee replacement procedure later in life if necessary.

Before surgery, a pre-surgical plan is created based on a CT scan of the patient's own knee. Then, during surgery the surgeon uses the robotic arm to resurface the diseased portion of the knee. An implant is then secured in the joint to allow the knee to move smoothly again.

Benefits of MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing include:

  • Small incision

  • Minimally invasive procedure

  • More "natural feeling" knee following surgery

  • Faster recovery, returning you to your pursuits

  • Spares healthy bone and surrounding tissue, allowing some patient to keep up to 72 percent more bone than with a "total knee" replacement

  • Improves mobility and pain relief because the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are not severed during knee resurfacing

  • Reduces both your time in the hospital and total recovery time

Learn more about MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing with this video:

MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement

MAKOplasty robotic arm assisted total hip replacement procedure is designed for those suffering with degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the hip. Using real-time information and images of your hip, your surgeon knows and controls accurate implant placement, which may be difficult to achieve with traditional total hip replacement techniques without a robotic arm.

Degenerative joint diseases (DJDs) are chronic conditions often resulting in pain and the loss of an active lifestyle and quality of life. There are different types of DJD that can affect the hip, including:

  • Osteoarthritis, in which cartilage wears down over time

  • Post-traumatic arthritis, which results from a severe fracture or dislocation of the hip

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an inflammatory arthritis of the joints

  • Avascular necrosis (AVN), a condition where the "ball" or femoral head of the hip joint has lost a healthy supply of blood flow causing the bone to die and the femoral head becomes misshaped

  • Hip dysplasia, a condition where bones around the hip joint did not form properly, which may cause misalignment of the hip joint

The risk of developing symptomatic degenerative joint disease is influenced by multiple factors such as age, gender and inherited traits that can affect the shape and stability of your joints. Other factors can include:

  • A previous hip injury

  • Repetitive strain on the hip

  • Improper joint alignment

  • Being overweight

  • Exercise or sports-generated stress placed on the hip joint

Benefits of MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement may include:

  • Accurate placement of your hip implant using the surgeon-controlled robotic arm system, which can reduce the likelihood of hip dislocation

  • More consistency in leg length, potentially decreasing the need for a shoe lift

  • Decreased risk of the implant and bone abnormally rubbing together – this may improve the lifetime of the implant

Learn more about MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement with this video: