Curative surgery simply involves removal of a
cancerous tumor. It works best on localized cancers that haven't yet
spread to other parts of the body, and is often followed by radiation
therapy or chemotherapy to make sure all cancerous cells have been
removed. Curative surgery types include:
or endoscopic, surgery utilizes computer imaging from a long, thin tube
with special lighting and a narrow lens to view organs and tissue
inside the body, while a microscope provides an image of the tumor. The
endoscope is inserted through tiny incisions, less than an inch long,
near the tumor location. Small, specialized surgical instruments are
also inserted through small incisions so that the surgeon can perform
the operation without an external incision.
is a type of cancer treatment that uses either heat or cold to destroy,
or ablate, cancer tumors without the need for more invasive therapy.
Special probes are used to deliver ablative treatments directly to the
tumor. The surgeon guides the probe and monitors the progress of
treatment using computer images.
microsurgery is when a highly specialized carbon dioxide (CO2) laser
beam is used instead of a scalpel to cut through tissue. The CO2 laser
beam generates minimal heat energy and limits damage to normal
structures around the tumor, such as important nerves, blood vessels and
muscles. The surgeon inserts a thin endoscope through the mouth
(limiting surgical scarring), and a specially designed microscope lets
the surgeon see the tumor and surrounding tissue during the surgery.